Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that involves an increase in the rate of growth of skin cells. The rapid growth of skin cells eventually leads to red patched skin. The appearance of these wounds varies from person to person and from mild to severe symptoms. However, doctors suggest that a person usually does not catch psoriasis from someone already infected. The chance of getting it is higher if their family has a legacy of the disease.
Psoriasis is the raised, elevated skin patches that are reddish, silvery, dried and scaly in nature. Psoriasis is a dermatological condition that affects the skin of the human body. It can be classified into various types depending on the area or location involved. It is distinguished from one to other based on the area of involvement.It may affect different parts of the body. The most common area involved is hands, knees, elbows, fingers, toes, scalp, etc.
During diagnosis, a different type of psoriasis is given a specific name, to distinguish it from one another. Psoriasis that occurs or affects the scalp is called scalp psoriasis.
Scalp psoriasis may arise as a single patch or several patches. It can affect a minor area or might involve a larger skin surface. Sometimes, it may affect only the scalp region and at times it might spread to the forehead, neck, and behind the ears.
There is a myth about scalp psoriasis, which may affect contact with the person. But scalp psoriasis is a non-contagious disease and does not affect contact with an affected person. Instead, it is hereditary in nature and it can run in your family if anyone is affected.
Symptoms of scalp psoriasis are as follows:
- Silver to white scaly patches
- Dry scalp
- Hair loss
- Severe itching
- Burning sensation
- White powdery flakes erupt after itching
- Altered daily life
The hair loss associated with scalp psoriasis is usually temporary. It is not due to scalp psoriasis, but the harsh itching and scratching on the scalp cause hair loss. Being affected with this type of disease causes stress and therefore leads to hair loss. The harsh chemicals used on the scalp to treat psoriasis affect hair growth and hair are seen shedding off. The hair loss process is reversible and the hair starts to grow again once the treatment is completed.
You need to take extra care of your head, hair, and scalp if it is affected by scalp psoriasis.
There are several treatment options available in the market to treat scalp psoriasis. Choosing the correct treatment option and treatment regimen is a huge task. Once you have opted for a better treatment plan, it takes time to heal the affected area but heals completely. Do not use over-the-counter products to treat scalp psoriasis. Get yourself consulted, properly diagnosed, and prescribed with the treatment to cure it completely.
Scalp psoriasis is usually observed in adults but studies have now predicted it among children too. Approximately 2-3% of the child population in the world are survivors of scalp psoriasis. They inherit the disease from their ancestors and also preserve it as a gift for their future generations.
Scalp psoriasis initially looks like dandruff at the scalp. It further spreads to the neck, forehead, and at the back of the ears. The patches are dried and red. Almost every patient develops flare-ups too; it is most common among the patients. Patients with mild symptoms only develop small, scaly patches of skin. However, if not treated at the time the symptoms may become severe clutching a larger part of their scalp. People usually have fine scaling in mild symptoms while big red flare-ups in severe condition.
The wounds are itchy and burning. It is advised not to scratch the wounds. Scratching the wounds make them bleed and the infection spread further. Maximum people complain of hair loss while others think that hair loss is because of the disease. But it is not because of the disease, people suffer hair loss because they scratch their scalp. Though, the wounds are itchy, lest they shouldn’t be scratched. Scratching those lead to hair loss and also bleeding. Bleeding becomes a cause of concern as it can spread the infection further. The damage is because of excessive scratching, combing, and the use of chemicals at the scalp.
Scalp psoriasis demands immediate medical care. It is necessary because once the medications start, people get relief from itchiness and burning sensations which prevents further hair loss. However, patients are fortunate enough to regrow their hair. Yes, the hair is restored once the medications and treatments begin. Only 1% of patients are not fortunate to regrow their hair, depending upon the severity of the disease. Medical treatments are available with the dermatologists, so as soon as someone observes any patches or marks, they should visit their doctors immediately.