Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that involves an increase in the rate of growth of skin cells. The rapid growth of skin cells eventually leads to red patched skin. The appearance of these wounds varies from person to person and from mild to severe symptoms. However, doctors suggest that a person usually does not catch psoriasis from someone already infected. The chance of getting it is higher if their family has a legacy of the disease.
Scalp psoriasis is usually observed in adults but studies have now predicted it among children too. Approximately 2-3% of the child population in the world are survivors of scalp psoriasis. They inherit the disease from their ancestors and also preserve it as a gift for their future generation.
Scalp psoriasis initially looks like dandruff at the scalp. It further spreads to the neck, forehead, and at the back of the ears. The patches are dried and red. Almost every patient develops flare-ups too; it is most common among the patients. Patients with mild symptoms only develop small, scaly patches of skin. However, if not treated at the time the symptoms may become severe clutching a larger part of their scalp. People usually have fine scaling in mild symptoms while big red flare-ups in severe condition.
The wounds are itchy and burning. It is advised not to scratch the wounds. Scratching the wounds make them bleed and the infection spread further. Maximum people complain of hair loss while others think that hair loss is because of the disease. But it is not because of the disease, people suffer hair loss because they scratch their scalp. Though, the wounds are itchy, lest they shouldn’t be scratched. Scratching those lead to hair loss and also bleeding. Bleeding becomes a cause of concern as it can spread the infection further. The damage is because of excessive scratching, combing, and the use of chemicals at the scalp.
Scalp psoriasis demands immediate medical care. It is necessary because once the medications start, people get relief from itchiness and burning sensations which prevents further hair loss. However, patients are fortunate enough to regrow their hair. Yes, the hair is restored once the medications and treatments begin. Only 1% of patients are not fortunate to regrow their hair, depending upon the severity of the disease. Medical treatments are available with the dermatologists, so as soon as someone observes any patches or marks, they should visit their doctors immediately.